Name __________________________________________  Date ____________ Per _

 

Human Genetic Engineering Class Discussion

Goals:

Students will

1. discover ethical issues surrounding the practice of genetic engineering in reproductive

medicine; and

2. understand key terms and concepts related to the science of genetic engineering.

Task:

1)      Pairs share (what is a gene?  And why are they important?  How can genes be changed through genetic engineering.  What is genetic engineering)

Format: 

a)       Student A:  Talks for 3 minutes about topics above,  Student B listens and writes ideas down

b)     Student B:  Comments on what is said by Student A (1 minute).  Student listens and writes ideas down.

Then, it reverses.

2)      Pair Share:  Student A:  (discuss pros and cons of genetic engineering.  What is your view of human genetic engineering? Explain why you feel the way you do) Student B listens and writes ideas down.  Then, it reverses.

2.  Have a class discussion about what groups talked about

3.  We will hold a class discussion on pro and cons of human genetic engineer.  All students will be judged on how well they discuss the topic and stay on task. (Please see rubric)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Name __________________________________________  Date _____________ Per _

 

 

Pair Share Questions:

Part 1:

  1. what is a gene? 
  2. Why are they important? 
  3. How can genes be changed through genetic engineering. 
  4. What is genetic engineering

 

Part 2:

  1. Pros of human genetic engineering.
  2. Cons of human genetic engineering
  3. Pick a side

 

Homework Discussion Questions:

1. Discuss issues involved with biotechnology and reproductive medicine. For example,

the technology may allow a 60-year-old woman to have a baby. Is that a positive or

negative outcome? Consider its ramifications. How does this example illustrate some

of the complex issues that arise from the use of biotechnology?

2. Discuss ways in which biotechnology is becoming a powerful presence in our lives.

What areas have been affected by biotechnology? Give at least two examples.

3. What safeguards must society adopt to handle the rapid advances in biotechnology?

4. To what extent should religious ideology influence bioethics? To what extent should

a religious perspective affect the use of biotechnology?

5. What are some positive long-term effects of biotechnology? What are some negative

long-term effects?

6. During World War II, Nazis in Germany conducted experiments to selectively breed

blond, blue-eyed men and women. This is an example of eugenics that was

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Class Discussion Rubric

 

Category

Excellent

Good

Satisfactory

Need Important

Information (homework questions)

All information

was accurate

and clear

Most

information

was accurate

and clear

Most

information

was accurate

and clear, but

not usually

thorough

Information

had several

inaccuracies or

was usually

unclear

Rebuttal (pair discussion)

Conversation topics

were

accurate,

relevant, and

strong

Most conversation topics were

accurate,

relevant, and

strong

Most conversation topics

were accurate

and relevant,

but several

were weak

Conversation topics

were not

accurate or

relevant

Participation in Class Discussion

Presented thought provoking ideas, questions to other students.  Added thoughtful comments to class discussion.

Presented some thought provoking ideas, questions to other students.  Added thoughtful comments to class discussion.

Presented few thought provoking ideas, questions to other students.  Attempted to comment on discussion with others.

Ideas were illogical and did not flow with topic of conversation.

Understanding

of Topic

Clearly

understood

the topic fully

and presented

convincingly

Clearly

understood

the topic and

presented

with ease

Understood

the main

points of the

topic and

presented

those well

The team did

not exhibit an

adequate

understanding

of the topic

Respect for

Other Class Members

Showed high

respect for

other class members in

language,

responses,

and body

language

Showed good

respect for

other class members in

language,

responses,

and body

language

Showed

moderate

respect for

other class members in

language,

responses,

and body

language

Language,

responses, and

body language

were

consistently

disrespectful

 

 

 

Vocabulary:

bioethics

Definition: The study of the ethical issues of biological research and applications,

especially in medicine.

Context: Scientists must consider bioethics to make appropriate decisions about some

medical procedures.

biotechnology

Definition: The techniques of managing biological systems for human benefit.

Context: Advances in biotechnology allow scientists to separate sperm by gender.

deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

Definition: The chemical inside the nucleus of a cell that carries the genetic instructions

for making living organisms.

Context: Scientists examine DNA from a developing embryo to find out whether it will

have any serious birth defects.

ethics

Definition: A system of moral principles.

6

Context: Manipulating genes violates the ethics of some people.

eugenics

Definition: The science of improving the qualities of a breed or species by different

strategies, such as the careful selection of parents or the use of genetic testing. Context:

Some people argue that designing traits for offspring is reminiscent of eugenics.

gene

Definition: The functional and physical unit of heredity passed from parent to offspring.

Context: Introducing healthy genes into diseased cells is becoming an established

medical practice.

genetic code

Definition: The instructions in a gene that tell the cell how to make a specific protein.

Context: By studying a person's genetic code, a scientist can detect certain abnormalities.

genetic engineering

Definition: The techniques used to manipulate genes in an organism.

Context: A great number of innovations may arise in the next 20 years because scientists